Exposure Correction Factors for LASCO C2 and C3

Each of the following gif files contains monthly exposure time correction factors and corresponding standard deviations plots for the level-0 C2 (normal, orange, clear) or C3 (normal, clear, clear) images.

The main exposure factor procedure, compute_monexp_factors, computes exposure time correction factors of full-field images by comparing the median intensities in various regions. A region is a group of 32x32 superpixels. The ratio of a given image to a reference image is computed. The median of the median ratios of all the superpixels in a region is computed. The time history of the region medians is used to detrend (each region separately) the normal coronal variation from the exposure time fluctuations. Then the average of all the detrended region ratios is computed to form the overall correction factor for each image.

The detrending fits the 11 images before and after the time of the desired image to a 2nd degree polynomial. No correction is made for irregular timings.

All sub-images, plus the full-field images that could not be corrected by the main routine, are passed to another routine, corrsubimage, for interpolation/extrapolation. The following color code is used to distinguish such images in these plots.

To interpolate/extrapolate, only full-field images for which the main routine has already calculated valid exposure factors are used. Images earlier and later in time to the input image are tested to see if they have superpixel blocks that overlap the input image. Two images closest in time to the input image are selected and ratios of overlap regions of each image to the input image are calculated and averaged. Then a simple linear interpolation between the two times is performed to determine the exposure factor for the input image.

The standard deviations for the exposure factors of the interpolated images, plotted in green, and the extrapolated images, plotted in yellow, are set to ones by the corrsubimage routine. There are times that corrsubimage routine can not locate good images to interpolate/extrapolate. In these cases, the exposure factors and standard deviations determined by the main routine (1.0 and 0.0 for sub- images) are returned. These are plotted in red. Finally, some images have invalid roll angles. Corrsubimage sets the exposure factors and standard deviations for such images to ones and zeros, respectively. These are plotted in purple. And, when the exposure factors still seem to be incorrect (such as the proton storm event of November 2001 in C2), these exposure factors and standard deviations are also set to ones and zeros to indicate this fact. The exposure factors for these images are plotted in blue.

The ones and zeros as standard deviations for the green, yellow, purple, and blue exposure factors are only meant to distinguish the corrsubimage calculated factors from those determined by the main routine (plotted in white). Unlike the drived standard deviations in the main routine, these standard deviations of ones and zeros are meaningless and must be ignored.

Note:
When making movies, only use the images with nominal exposure times (around 25 seconds for C2 and 19-20 seconds for C3). Please avoid mixing the occasional short exposure time images (such as 2 seconds August 1996 C2 images and 8 seconds August 1997 C3 images) with the normal exposure time images. This can be achieved by using the exposure time field of wlister, for example, when generating a list of images for making a movie.

Monthly C2 and C3 Exposure Factor Plots
YEAR Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
1996 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
1997 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
1998 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
1999 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2000 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2001 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2002 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2003 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2004 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2005 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2006 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2007 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2008 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2009 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2010 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
2010 C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3
C2
C3


Last Updated July 26, 2011 - NBR